Investigación en Curso

Teniendo en cuenta la gran variedad de monumentos, grabados y dólmenes que se encuentran en la meseta, las relaciones entre los marcadores y su representación de una constelación importante, así como las coordenadas de muchas lineas de mira basadas en la división exacta del circulo de 360 grados, podemos afirmar que nuestro estudio preliminar provee evidencia suficiente para apoyar la hipótesis que las estructuras en Marcahuasi reflejan la intervención de una cultura humana muy antigua de la cual no se sabe nada hasta el momento.

A fines de Agosto de 2017 subimos a la meseta acompañados por dos arqueólogos, los profesores Luis Jaime Castillo Butters (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú) y David Carballo (Universidad de Boston).

El Dr Castillo condujo un estudio de fotogrametría de la zona norte de la meseta generando datos que proveen vistas de la superficie a diferentes alturas, videos y ortofotos. Esta es la primera instancia en que tal información ha sido generada. Trabajando por tres dias a una altura de cuatro mil metros con un drone modelo DJI Phantom equipado con una camara 14 MP obtuvo cobertura completa de la zona norte y parte del centro de la meseta. Los datos fueron procesados con software AgiSoft PhotoScan. Amablemente ha compartido los resultados con nosotros y presentamos los videos y ortofotos en este website. Estas últimas son generadas agregando los cientos de fotografías tomadas por la cámara del drone.

El profesor Carballo, conocido por su trabajo en Teotihuacán, Mexico, examinó varios de los monumentos y « marcadores » que presentamos en este website. Considera como posible la intervención humana en la creación de las estructuras, pero cuestionó la asignación de los marcadores correspondiendo a las estrellas de la constelación Pleyades basadas puramente en los datos obtenidos por ECYART y propuso un trabajo adicional.

Como se ha relatado en esta sección hemos establecido que las lineas de mira de muchas estructuras se orientan en multiplos de 90 grados y que varios grupos de estructuras y marcadores forman lineas rectas que se cruzan en ciertos puntos. El Dr Carballo ha iniciado un estudio (2018) para determinar si este tipo de alineamiento puede apuntar a sitios específicos en el horizonte que correspondan a posiciones importantes del sol durante los solsticios y equinoccios.

Bibliografía

Wikipedia – Teoría de la Correlación Orion-Piramides

The Orion correlation theory was first put forward by Robert Bauval in 1983. One night, while working in Saudi Arabia, he took his family and a friend’s family up into the sand dunes of the Arabian desert for a camping expedition. His friend pointed out Orion, and mentioned that Mintaka, the dimmest and most westerly of the stars making up Orion’s belt, was offset slightly from the others. Bauval then made a connection between the layout of the three main stars in Orion’s belt and the layout of the three main pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex. He published this idea in 1989 in the journal Discussions in Egyptology, volume 13. The idea has been further expounded by Bauval in collaboration with Adrian Gilbert (The Orion Mystery, 1994) and Graham Hancock (Keeper of Genesis, 1996), as well as in their separate publications. The basis of this theory concerns the proposition that the relative positions of three main Ancient Egyptian pyramids on the Giza plateau are (by design) correlated with the relative positions of the three stars in the constellation of Orion which make up Orion’s Belt— as these stars appeared in 10,000 BC.

Their initial claims regarding the alignment of the Giza pyramids with Orion («…the three pyramids were a terrestrial map of the three stars of Orion’s belt»—Hancock’s Fingerprints of the Gods, 1995, p. 375) are later joined with speculation about the age of the Great Sphinx (Hancock and Bauval, Keeper of Genesis, published 1996, and in 1997 in the U.S. as The Message of the Sphinx). According to these works, the Great Sphinx was constructed c. 10,500 BC (Upper Paleolithic), and its lion-shape is maintained to be a definitive reference to the constellation of Leo. Furthermore, the orientation and dispositions of the Sphinx, the Giza pyramids and the Nile River relative to one another on the ground is put forward as an accurate reflection or «map» of the constellations of Leo, Orion (specifically, Orion’s Belt) and the Milky Way respectively. As Hancock puts it in 1998’s The Mars Mystery[8] (co-authored with Bauval):

…we have demonstrated with a substantial body of evidence that the pattern of stars that is «frozen» on the ground at Giza in the form of the three pyramids and the Sphinx represents the disposition of the constellations of Orion and Leo as they looked at the moment of sunrise on the spring equinox during the astronomical «Age of Leo» (i.e., the epoch in which the Sun was «housed» by Leo on the spring equinox.) Like all precessional ages this was a 2,160-year period. It is generally calculated to have fallen between the Gregorian calendar dates of 10,970 and 8810 BC. (op. cit., p.189)[citation needed]

The allusions to dates circa 12,500 years ago are significant to Hancock since this is the era he seeks to assign to the advanced progenitor civilization, now vanished, but which he contends through most of his works had existed and whose advanced technology influenced and shaped the development of the world’s known civilizations of antiquity. Egyptology and archaeological science maintain that available evidence indicates that the Giza pyramids were constructed during the Fourth dynasty period (3rd millennium BC[9]), while the exact date of the Great Sphinx is still unclear. Hancock does not dispute the dating evidence for the currently existing pyramids, but instead argues that they may have been an architectural evolution of sites whose origin and cultural significance dated back some eight thousand years before the current monuments were built —since the Orion correlation theory claims they are oriented that way—which, it is implied, provides further evidence for the influence of astronomical, mathematical, and historical knowledge that might not have been passed down to the pyramids’ builders.

Wikipedia – Las Pléyades

Pleiades as calendar, in history and in modern science. Historically, the Pleiades have served as a calendar for many civilizations. The Greek name “Pleiades” probably means “to sail.” In the ancient Mediterranean world, the day that the Pleaides cluster first appeared in the morning sky before sunrise announced the opening of the navigation season.

The modern-day festival of Halloween originates from an old Druid rite that coincided with the midnight culmination of the Pleiades cluster. It was believed that the veil dividing the living from the dead is at its thinnest when the Pleaides culminates – reaches its highest point in the sky – at midnight.

On a lighter note, the Zuni of New Mexico call the Pleiades the “Seed Stars,” because this cluster’s disappearance in the evening sky every spring signals the seed-planting season.

In both myth and science, the Pleiades are considered to be sibling stars. Modern astronomers say the Pleiades stars were born from the same cloud of gas and dust some 100 million years ago. This gravitationally bound cluster of several hundred stars looms some 430 light-years distant, and these sibling stars drift through space together at about 25 miles per second. Many of these Pleiades stars shine hundreds of times more brightly than our sun.

Sullivan, William. The Secret of the Incas: Myth, Astronomy and the War Against Time (Crown Publishers), 1996