Marcahuasi Research Team

As much as Marcahuasi has been visited over the years and is known to the public, surprisingly little scientific research has been conducted on the plateau to determine the origin of the megaliths and mysterious monuments that represent a variety of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figures.

The Original Researcher, Daniel Ruzo

Daniel Ruzo was the first to conduct research in the 1950s, using the land surveying equipment of the time. Given the challenges of the terrain for that equipment and the fact that he was looking only at the largest monuments and not the markers we know about now, his results were not sufficient evidence to conclude there was human involvement in the creation of the monuments.

Until I (Luis Ruzo, Daniel’s son), became involved there has not been a single serious attempt to consider the purpose or significance of the formations at Marcahuasi.

The New Generation

Now that we have access to new technology such as GPS (geo-positioning satellites) and drones, and we understand more about the markers, I have a renewed interest in learning the origins of Marcahuasi’s creation and have created The Association for the Study of Traditional Sciences and Arts (known as ECYART from its initials in Spanish) with the goal of conducting scientifically based studies of the Marcahuasi plateau.


At present, the team supported by ECYART includes:

Dr. Luis Octavio Ruzo

Dr. Ruzo is an environmental chemist originally based at the University of California, Berkeley. He founded PTRL Laboratories, which is now a Division of EAG, Inc., where he is currently a Senior Scientific Advisor.

He is also a Visiting Professor and Director of the Distinguished Visitor Program at UNALM (National Agricultural University of Peru) and Director and Founder of ECYART (Institute for the Study of Traditional Arts and Sciences, Lima, Peru).

Javier Ruzo

Javier Ruzo is a widely recognized Peruvian painter, writer, and photographer. In addition to his work as a visual artist, he published a poetry book El Cántaro Vacío and a culinary research book Tuna: The King of the Sea.

We are continually working with graduate students to collect and analyze data. Please reach out if you’re interested.

Marcahuasi Research Collaborations

At present, two archaeological research groups are collaborating with our efforts.

Professor David Carballo at Boston University is conducting studies to explore the possibility that the alignments of markers and monuments point to significant sections of the horizon, such as sunrises and settings at the solstices and equinoxes.

Professor Luis Jaime Castillo at the Catholic University in Lima (PUCP) completed the first drone mapping (orthophotos) of the plateau in 2017. He will now obtain highly accurate geo-references for the markers already studied as well as begin the geo-referencing of the southern part of Marcahuasi.

Marcahuasi Research Funding

Our research is partly funded by the Association for the Study of Traditional Arts and Sciences (ECYART) and by Luis Ruzo directly.

Interested in collaborating with our team? Please reach out.